Reading through More and Different, I found an interesting Physics Today column that Phil Anderson wrote in 1990, Solid State Experimentalists: Theory should be on tap, not on top.
He argues for re-instatement of Cornelius Gorter's rule that theory and experiment should be published in separate papers. It is quite possible that they will both not be correct.
Much more serious is the distortion of priorities, of communication and of the refereeing process that occurs when excessive weight is given to theoretical interpretation. We don't want to lose sight of the fundamental fact that the most important experimental results are precisely those that do not have a theoretical interpretation; the least important are often those that confirm theory to many significant figures.Although written in the early days of high-Tc superconductivity Anderson's arguments and concerns seems just as relevant today.